What’s The Difference? Food Allergy And Food Intolerance

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What’s The Difference? Food Allergy And Food Intolerance

What’s The Difference? Food Allergy And Food Intolerance

Food, glorious, food… though that isn’t always the case, unfortunately. In Australia, 10 per cent of infants and almost two per cent of adults are affected by food allergies – one of the highest rates in the world. In terms of food intolerances, up to 25 per cent of Aussies identify as having one.

The terms may seem interchangeable but a food allergy and a food intolerance are markedly different. A food allergy occurs when the immune system reacts badly to a particular food. The physical effects are the same as other allergies, such as pollen or dust: hives, facial swelling, vomiting, and, in the most severe cases, anaphylaxis, which can be fatal.

A food intolerance involves a bad reaction to a particular food or drink, though the immune system is not involved – it is based on sensitivity to or an inability to properly process food. The symptoms can range from fatigue to migraine to headaches to rashes to gastrointestinal issues.

Sources

ASCIA – Food Allergy
ASCIA – Food Intolerance
Australian Institute of Food Safety – Top 8 Most Common Food Allergies